3-Step Guide: Evaluating a Provider Network for Your Health Benefit Plan

Every bidder for your health plan’s business claims their network of hospitals, doctors, and health services will save you money, but how do you know whether that’s true or just marketing hype when evaluating a provider network?

Evaluating a provider network is essential because your choice of a network can have a huge impact on your health benefit costs. Most organizations that consider a network change are trying to solve one of these problems:

  1. You’re fully-insured and are wondering if moving to a self-funded health plan will save you money.
  2. You’re already self-funded and are wondering if switching networks will save you money.

In either scenario, these three steps in evaluating a provider network will determine how you might save by switching networks.

Step 1:


There can be big differences between networks that impact savings. These differences may include:

  • Geographic coverage. This includes the territory covered, but also the type of providers available in specific communities; the network might have doctors but not hospitals, for example.
  • In-network providers. The geographic area covered by the network could be very large, but might only contain providers from a single health system.
  • Contracting philosophy. A network may emphasize inflation controls and pay for performance – aiming for high-value care, or the network may focus solely on discounts.
  • Negotiated discounts. A network might have a high discount rate with some rarely used providers but offer less savings with other providers who deliver the most care for your covered lives.

Comparing and contrasting elements when evaluating a provider network will help you find the best choice based on your health plan goals.

Step 2:


Some networks produce “disruption reports” that emphasize scenarios where they come out on top, but that approach is unlikely to produce cost projections that translate into real-time savings. Your goal should be to compare networks in a way that shows where they differ and what that means to you in health plan dollars.

Using the “gold standard” process when evaluating a network provider is likely to produce results. Here’s how it works:

  1. The employer provides 12 months of claims data which shows how they actually used care – meaning what types of care were used, and which doctors, hospitals, and health systems provided that care.
  2. The employer’s submitted claims are sorted by each in-network provider based on each provider’s tax identification number.
  3. Each network provides a database of six months of actual claims, which are also sorted by each in-network provider based on the provider’s tax identification number. These claims show the actual savings produced by the discounts included in contracts for health care services.
  4. The employer’s data is analyzed based on the network’s aggregated savings. This will project what savings can be expected based on covered lives’ actual use of services.
  5. The combined results reveal the value of each network’s agreements with providers. The results should show both the overall discount achieved by the network and the dollars that the employer can expect to save, based on the submitted claims.


View the "Gold Standard" for Evaluating a Provider Network

Gold Standard Processing for Evaluating a Provider Network

What’s A Provider Disruption Report?

A Provider Disruption Report shows how switching networks will impact your bottom line. Also know as a “claims repricing report,” it should explore:

  • How a network change will impact covered employees and family members based on their current use of doctors, hospitals, and other health services.
  • Which health systems are in-network and out-of-network.

The savings and discounts that will result from switching networks. Because methods of calculating savings and discounts will differ, it’s important to use the gold standard process to obtain an “apples-to-apples” projection.

Step 3:


Networks often submit reports that contain big differences in projected savings and discounts. This is more likely to occur when a network uses a “proprietary” disruption report process that favors its own network.

Asking these questions can reveal vital differences between networks and their savings projections.

  1. How are discounts calculated? Check the process against the gold standard.
  2. Does the discount evaluation use billed charges or paid charges? The network discount delivered by the network’s provider contract should remain the same either way; however, using billed charges will result in lower projected total savings than using the paid amount.
  3. Is the impact of your plan design included in the savings projections? Your plan’s excluded services and patient co-pays and co-insurance will greatly impact your total charges. That’s why your plan design should always be figured into savings estimates – when it’s not, network savings are likely to appear artificially high.
  4. Did the evaluation use the average area discount or a specific discount for a specific provider? Using specific discounts with specific providers is always best. Savings should be calculated based on the doctors, hospitals, and health services that your employees and family members are actually using. Some networks will instead use an average that includes their “best” savings or discount rates, even when they are not relevant based on actual usage or geography. Again, this could result in an artificially high savings estimate.